Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Refugees are a prominent group of people in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Ã¢â¬ËA refugee is someone who is outside his or her country of origin and is at risk of being persecuted if he or she returnsÃ¢â¬â¢. The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Ã¢â¬Ëestablishes the basic human rights to which refugees are entitled wherever they areÃ¢â¬â¢ (Dauvergne, 2012, p. 1445). Refugees are talked about and handled in certain ways within different discourses. FoucaultÃ¢â¬â¢s defines discourse as the rules and practices that produce meaningful statements about a topic at a particular historical moment. He argues that it Ã¢â¬Ëconstricts the topicÃ¢â¬â¢. (Hall, 1997, p.44). This essay will analyse the representation of refugees through a political and media discourse. A political discourse on refugees is explored in Rocco Fazzari and Denis CarnahanÃ¢â¬â¢s video Ã¢â¬ËStop the Boats (with cash) TonyÃ¢â¬â¢. The video highlights the political language for talking about refugees and the ways in which they are viewed by the Australian government. In comparison the media discourse will be examined through Nilufer DemirÃ¢â¬â¢s (2015) photograph of a drowned Syrian child refugee. The image stresses the pivotal role the media plays in constructing and circulating meanings (Hightower, 2014, p.336). By analysing refugees through these two texts, an understanding of the different representation and meanings produced by separate discourses on the same topic can be developed. A political discourse allows the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s policies on refugees and theShow MoreRelatedSocial Media, Though Relatively New,Is A Growing Part Of1529 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Social media, though relatively new, is a growing part of everyday life. The question one must ask is: what impact does this form of communication have on global politics?Ã Whereas social media is not always a reliable source, it serves to engage the global population in a casual manner, weaving politics into the fabric of everyday life. Social media influences not only the mundane, daily political ongoings from country to country but also political movements and revolutions. However, one mustÃ remainRead MoreMass Media Today a Summary1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTHE MASS MEDIA TODAY: DISCOURSES OF DOMINATION OR DIVERSITY? : SUMMARY The thesis written by Teun A. Van Dijk talks about how the western media takes a one sided view- portraying minorities, immigrants etc in a negative light while still trying to prove itself independent of any bias. He explains that although neo-liberal discourse may now be prevailing, but it also exhibits conflicts and contradictions. The optimistic rhetoric of a New World Order after the Cold War is replaced by deep-seatedRead MoreThe Hidden Power of Media Discourse and the Capacity of the Capitalist Class to Exercise this Power2081 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagespower of media discourse and the capacity of the capitalist class and other power-holders to exercise this power depend on systematic tendencies in news reporting and other media activitiesÃ¢â¬ (Page 25). Explain and exemplify. Zulfiqar Ahmad ID # 4025 Submitted to: Dr. M. Umer Farooq 1. Introduction Hidden power, according to Fairclough (1995a), is the Ã¢â¬Å"power behind discourseÃ¢â¬ and entails how and to what extent the holders of powers exercise their influence. Discourse being aRead MoreAnalysis Of Elie Wiesels Speech1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesboy during the Holocaust. He warns, Ã¢â¬Å"indifference is always the friend of the enemyÃ¢â¬ 5.(Wiesel 221). Wiesel tries to convince the audience to show a higher level of moral awareness against indifference by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"the hungry children, the homeless refugees-not to respond to their plight, not to relieve their solitude by offering them a spark of hope, is to exile them from human memoryÃ¢â¬ (Wiesel 223). 6.He is saying that the less hope they have the more they start to lose their trust in humanity. WieselÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreSocial Power of the News Media12127 Words Ã |Ã 49 Pages1 Power and the News Media Teun A. van Dijk University of Amsterdam __________________ INTRODUCTION In the study of mass communication, there has been a continuous debate about the more or less powerful effects of the media on the public.1 Instead of reviewing these positions and their empirical claims, this chapter examines in more general terms some properties of the social power of the news media. This power is not restricted to the influence of the media on their audiences, but also involvesRead MoreExample Research: Critical Discourse Analysis9514 Words Ã |Ã 39 Pages18 Critical Discourse Analysis TEUN A. VAN DIJK 0 Introduction: What Is Critical Discourse Analysis? Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is a type of discourse analytical research that primarily studies the way social power abuse, dominance, and inequality are enacted, reproduced, and resisted by text and talk in the social and political context. With such dissident research, critical discourse analysts take explicit position, and thus want to understand, expose, and ultimately resist social inequalityRead More The Perpetuation of Racism in Canada by the Mainstream News Media3990 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesThe Perpetuation of Racism in Canada by the Mainstream News Media Canada is internationally renowned for its commitment to multiculturalism. In fact, Canada was the first nation to officially adopt a multicultural policy. However, while the Canadian government has developed a broad-based multicultural mandate that includes a national human rights code and increased penalties for hate-motivated crimes, and most Canadians oppose overt forms of discrimination and hate, racism continues to exist inRead More Legitimation Crisis1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Through the analysis of Jurgen Habermass work, the following assertion intends to provide an understanding of his arguments surrounding crisis-tendency theories. Jurgen presents the traditional Marxist notion of crisis-tendencies as being outdated, and somewhat no longer relevant within a capitalist society (Heath, J, 2011). Jurgen Habermas examines the hindrance of development within contemporary Western societies, which he argues is caused by crisis-tendency tensions. Using conceptsRead More3. Counter-Terrorism Strategies Reveal the Limits of Human Rights as a Cosmopolitan Discourse in the Age of Global Terror. Discuss.3315 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesglobal human community. It is through this that human rights were able to be changed and recognised as a standard for global order, regulated through international law. The act of terrorism is not a new concept, and has been responsible for many innocent lives over many years, however not until the attacks on the United States, known as 9/ 11, has terrorism become such a globalized issue. It was through the symbolic destruction of capitalism, coupled with the vast media outlets to create witnesses thatRead More Achieving Democracy and Equality Essay2633 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThis paper shows why both democracy and equality are desirable, and why democracy, in its true sense, is an important step to achieve greater equality. There are many reasons why political philosophers need to look beyond the one person, one vote conception of democracy to understand why such theories have allowed social and economic inequality to continue to exist. While many democracies do not live up to our expectations in regards to providing equality, there are explanations for this and methods
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In response to Mitoko Rich, Ã¢â¬Å"Literacy Debate Ã¢â¬â Online, R U Really Reading?Ã¢â¬ In the 21st century, children are learning via many different sources, whether through textbooks, internet, blogs, etc. Therefore, it was not surprising to read what was mentioned in this article. Reading in the digital age is causing a debate, especially in regards to students. After reading the article, I began to wonder; is it possible that digital text can cause more harm than good? Can digital text take away the value of reading books? And what is happening psychologically to a child when they are using digital text? Literacy is being able to read and write; having said this it would be safe to say literacy means learning from books. However, think about the evolution of literacy and the different ways in which children and people learn and retrieve information; this definition could also include interaction with the digital text. There is a wide range as to what counts as literacy suc h as blogging, social networking, emailing, digital storytelling, online chatting and even shopping online just to name a few. Not everyone will agree with what is now counted as literacy, but if students are not enlightened on the many aspects of what could make them valuable assets in the future; that would be negligent. In RichÃ¢â¬â¢s article digital literacy is being discussed which is the topic this response will focus on. Learning is not restricted only to the classroom. Digital literacy can be beneficial withShow MoreRelatedOnline R U Really Reading?1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesresult in failure to correctly apply the basics of writing, such as grammar, spelling, and punctuation. The essay Ã¢â¬Å"Literacy Debate: Online R U Really Reading?Ã¢â¬ by Motoko Rich is about whether or not reading on the Internet is as effective for todayÃ¢â¬â¢s youth as reading books. Rich employs specific word choice as well as misleading statistics and quotations to show her opinion on Intern et literacy without directly stating her thoughts. The article begins with an introduction to Nadia Konyk, who is depictedRead MoreIs Technology Dumbing Us Down or Wising Us Up? Essay2097 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagestree. It can really benefit students in school because it allows us to look up information for any type of paper that we may be writing. The Internet offers online demonstrations if written instructions are not sufficient. For example, I enjoy cutting hair for my family. I can go to the popular website YouTube and type in Ã¢â¬Å"how to cut hairÃ¢â¬ and videos come up that show steps for cutting hair. Therefore, I can learn and see all the tricks pertaining to a good, quality haircut. Unlike reading a book, IRead MoreHow Texting Affects Literacy in Teenagers4801 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesRebecca Jimenez Professor Sarah Thatcher English 114 19 September 2013 How Texting Affects Literacy in Teens Ã¢â¬â Brainstorming Outline: I. Introduction a. Thesis statement: In this paper, I will discuss how the frequent use of text messaging by teens today negatively affects literacy and I will offer suggestions that parents and teachers can implement and teach in order to raise reading, writing, and vocabulary skills. Since the technological phenomenon towards the end of the 20th century, textRead MoreThe Impact Of Digital Technology On Children s Reading Pleasure1954 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesespecially in the field of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s books, creating an innovative way to entice their young audience with the many possibilities that digital technology has to offer. Ã¢â¬ ¨Ã¢â¬ ¨Prior to the eighteenth century Ã¢â¬Å"[l]ittle consideration was given to childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s reading pleasure.Ã¢â¬ (Kodomo, 2013) as many of the books, by which the children could be taught with, were rarely designed specifically for children as Ã¢â¬Å"authors and publishers made very little attempt to entice the young mind with attractive and compelling illustrationsRead MoreImpact of Internet and Media on Modern Youth6198 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesCultures of Consumption Working Paper Series Children online - consumers or citizens? Professor Sonia Livingstone London School of Economics and Political Science Nothing in this paper may be cited, quoted or summarised or reproduced without permission of the author. Abstract In the E-Society project entitled UK Children Go Online (www.children-go-online.net), we are combining qualitative and quantitative methods to explore the involvement of 9-19 year olds in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s heavily mediated consumerRead Morevietnam rice exports5184 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagesto the sense of being present focusing on paying attention, listening, and the emotional content of messages. In many discussions people are not really present to the other, they are simply waiting for their turn to respond rather than understanding and being responsive. A successful leader understands that most people have a fairly high need to be really heard and taken seriously. Employees dont want to hear your experiences, for you to fix their problems, or to be treated like a representative ofRead MoreComputer and Internet in Education13526 Words Ã |Ã 55 Pages123 http://www.futureofchildren.org The Impact of Home Computer Use on ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Activities and Development Kaveri Subrahmanyam Robert E. Kraut Patricia M. Greenfield Elisheva F. Gross Ã¢â¬Å"I really want to move to AntarcticaÃ¢â¬âIÃ¢â¬â¢d want my cat and Internet access and IÃ¢â¬â¢d be happy.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â16-year-old HomeNet participant (1995) Kaveri Subrahmanyam, Ph.D., is assistant professor of child development at California State University, Los Angeles. Robert E. Kraut, Ph.D., is professor of social psychologyRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words Ã |Ã 1422 PagesHigher Education 10 Davis Drive Belmont, CA 94002-3098 USA For more information about our products, contact us at: Thomson Learning Academic Resource Center 1-800-423-0563 For permission to use material from this text or product, submit a request online at http://www.thomsonrights.com. Any additional questions about permissions can be submitted by e-mail to email@example.com. Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 10 09 08 07 ExamView Ã ® and ExamView Pro Ã ® are registeredRead MoreCorporate Finance69408 Words Ã |Ã 278 PagesCorporate finance P. Frantz, R. Payne, J. Favilukis FN3092, 2790092 2011 Undergraduate study in Economics, Management, Finance and the Social Sciences This subject guide is for a Level 3 course (also known as a Ã¢â¬Ë300 courseÃ¢â¬â¢) offered as part of the University of London International Programmes in Economics, Management, Finance and the Social Sciences. This is equivalent to Level 6 within the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (FHEQ). For moreRead MoreCelta Key15571 Words Ã |Ã 63 PagesAims 12:00 -12:30 Feedback (FB) on TP (verbal) 13.45 Ã¢â¬â 14.30 Feedback on FLL + Language learning experiences 14.00-15.00 Giving Taking new Language/Eliciting 12:30-13:30 LP 14:45Ã¢â¬â 15:45 Classroom Management *Learning Teaching pp79-98 15:15-16:30 Reading Skills Language Related Skills Assignment 16:00-17:00 Demo Lesson (part of 6 hrs) 16:45-17:30 Lesson Planning (LP) 16:30-17:45 Presenting Vocabulary Word Stress Language Related Tasks DAY 3 June 26 15:15-16:15 Checking meaning understanding
Siddhartha 4 Essay Siddhartha is a young man on a long quest in search of the ultimate answer to the enigma of a manÃ¢â¬â¢s role on this earth. Through his travels, he finds love, friendship, pain, and identity. He finds the true meaning behind them the hard way, but that is the best way to learn them. He starts out by finding friendship with his buddy, Govinda. They have been friends ever since their childhood. There are really close, like each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s shadow. They have traveled and lived most of their life together. Govinda was a very loyal friend. Ã¢â¬Å"Govinda, his friend, the BrahminÃ¢â¬â¢s son, loved him more than anybody else. He loved SiddharthaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes and clear voice. He loved the way he walked, his complete grace of movement; he loved everything that Siddhartha did and said, and above all he loved his intellect, his fine ardent thoughts, his strong will, his high vocation. Govinda knew that Siddhartha would not become an ordinary Brahmin, a lazy sacrificial official, an avaricious dealer in magic sayings, a conceited worthless orator, a wicked sly priest, or just a good stupid sheep amongst a large herd. No, and he, Govinda, did not want to become any of these, not a Brahmin like ten thousand others of their kind. He wanted to follow Siddhartha, the belov ed, the magnificent. And if he ever became a god, if he ever entered the All-Radiant, the Govinda wanted to follow him as a friend, his companion, his servant, his lance bearer, his shadow.Ã¢â¬ (2)He finds the sensuality of love from the beautiful Kamala. She teaches him everything that he knows about love. She is his first experience with a woman. Ã¢â¬Å"He learned many things from her wise red lips. Her smooth gentle hand taught him many things. He, who was still a boy as regards love and was inclined to plunge to the depths of it blindly and insatiably, was taught by her that love cannot have pleasure without giving it, and that every gesture, every caress, every touch, every glance, every single part of the body has its secret which can give pleasure to one who can understand.Ã¢â¬ (53-54) Once he has discovered love, he decides that it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the right path for him then leaves. Later, he discovers that while playing the game if love, he had planted the seed for a son , before he left. The pains in life are taught through his son. He tries really hard to deal with his spoiled son, but cannot overcome this. Ã¢â¬Å"He had considered himself rich and happy when the boy had come to him, but as time passed and the boy remained unfriendly and sulky, when he proved arrogant and defiant, when he would do no work, when he showed no respect to the old people and robbed VasudevaÃ¢â¬â¢s fruit trees, Siddhartha began to realize that no happiness and peace had come to him with his son, only sorrow and trouble.Ã¢â¬ (96) Even though Siddhartha doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much, his son deprives all his hopes and dreams of fatherhood. Siddhartha then begins to understand what it probably felt like to his father when he left. Siddhartha goes to the river to find his identity. The river speaks to him and he listens to what it has to say. He had come a long ways back to the river. Ã¢â¬Å"He looked lovingly into the flowing water, into the transparent green, into the crystal lines of its wonderful design. He saw bright pearls rise from the depths, bubbles swimming on the mirror, sky blue reflected in them. The river looked at him with a thousand eyes Ã¢â¬â green, white, crystal, sky blue. How he loved this river, how it enchanted him, how grateful he was to it! In his heart he heard the newly awakened voice speak, and it said to him: Ã¢â¬ËLove this river, stay by it, learn from it.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (82)He learns that you cannot learn from or teach to others, but have to learn from and teach yourself. Ã¢â¬Å"Knowledge can be communicated, but not wisdom. One can find it, live it, be fortified by it, do wonders through it, but one cannot communicate and teach it.Ã¢â¬ (115) The many symbols
Thursday, April 23, 2020
UCLA is one of the most popular universities in California. In recent years, it has received a record number of applications. If the West Coastcalls to you and you like the idea of finding your niche in a large top tier university, UCLA may be the school for you. If youre still working on your responses to the UC essay prompts, these examples may help. One of the most sought-after UC schools, UCLA is a dream school for many Californians. More than 100,000 students applied to UCLA last fall, and the numbers are expected to remain the same for this upcoming application season. For those of you applying this Fall, the regular application filing period is November 1-30. If youre still working on your UC essays, here are 5 successful examples that might inspire you to write yours:ClaireLUC Los Angeles Ã¢â¬Ë20Prompt: Describe the world you come from - for example, your family, community, or school - and tell us how your world has shaped your dreams and aspirations.It was my fault. I had chosen this topic for my math exploration, armed with only the feeblest grasp of actual concept. Music, math, and the harmonic seriesI sighed. In the time-honored tradition of all students, I had turned to Google for succor. The words on the screen blurred together hazily. Ã¢â¬Å"Pythagoras discovered that a string exactly 1/nth its length produces a fr equency n times the original frequencyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ It just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense: what did a bunch of numbers have to do with musical consonance? Read her full UCLA application essay. Mbshark UCLA Ã¢â¬Ë20 Prompt: Describe the world you come from - for example, your family, community, or school - and tell us how your world has shaped your dreams and aspirations. A bright orange glow reflecting on the water, I love watching the sunrise at the beach. I grew up less than ten minutes away from the Atlantic and my early childhood memories include frequent trips to the beach. Although the beach is a stunning sight, the beach is not always pristine. My family and I regularly remove trash from the beach, including commercial fishing and industrial debris, particularly after storms, sometimes in quantities almost too heavy to carry. Unlock his full UCLA profile read his application! Cdougherty UCLA Ã¢â¬Ë18 Prompt: Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud and how does it relate to the person you are? Starting in 6th grade, I spent every summer at Jon LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s East Beach volleyball camp. Most kids came and went on a weekly basis, but I just stayed. There was nowhere else I would rather have been, than at East Beach playing volleyball with my friends. I loved it so much that I sought out faster improvement, committing to more formal training with an AVP professional player. View his full successful UCLA profile. Cotoole UCLA Ã¢â¬Ë19 Prompt: Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud and how does it relate to the person you are? T-shirt. I had never heard of DECA before. Curious, I asked him more about it, and learned that it was Ã¢â¬Å"a club for, like marketing and businessÃ¢â¬ , as he called it. Her persuaded me to join and we planned to compete together in the Sports and Entertainment Marketing Team even. Unlock his full UCLA profile read his application! WyTeav UCLA Ã¢â¬Ë21 Prompt: What would you say is your greatest talent or skill? How have you developed and demonstrated that talent over time? I can read koalas with turtles and I can eat ice cream with friends in North Korea. This is all possible due to the power of Photoshop. Photoshop is like a straw that allows peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes to drink from my imagination. I can make anything and put it anywhere; from sea monsters in the ocean to winged toasters at my birth. For nearly four years, I have used Photoshop to express myself in an adventurous way, one that offers me wider avenues than music or writing do. I am constantly improving my photoshopping abilities and therefore expanding the limits of my expression. Unlock his full UCLA profile read his application! Are you looking to apply to UC Schools?or just starting to build outyour college list? Make sure to search through profiles of students accepted to see essays, stats, and advice. See how they got in, and how you can too!
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Knowing When to Stop essays Have you ever wanted something so bad but you couldnt get it? If so, you could relate to the Character Jay Gatsby in F. Scott Fitzgeralds The Great Gatsby. Gatsby desperately desired to be with his long lost love, Daisy. He had big hopes and dreams of rekindling a past romance from before he went to war. With his ruthless attitude towards life, he tries everything to get Daisy from showing her his expensive clothes, to taking the blame for myrtles death. The character Jay Gatsby ultimately leads to his own death through his ambitions, emotions, and obsession. With hope of things being like they used to be, an emotional Gatsby dreams of being reunited with Daisy. Moreover, he stares at a green light that is on Daisys dock, hoping one day he can be there. He stretched out his arms towards the water in a curious way, and as far as I was him, I could have sworn he was trembling(25). Not being able to take it anymore, Gatsby asks Nick, Daisys cousin and his neighbor, to reunite them once again. Nick is apprehensive at first but Gatsby finally bribes him by agreeing to have Nicks grass cut. Scared that Daisy will refuse to see him, Gatsby wants Nick to invite Daisy to tea. Without Daisy knowing, Gatsby intends to come to tea at Nicks house as well, surprising her and forcing her to see him. Nick reminds Gatsby that he cannot recreate. Gatsbys emotions overtake his ability to think logically. In The Great Gatsby, Gatsby is portrayed as an obsessive character that will do anything to attain his American Dream; a relationship with Daisy. Gatsby becomes single minded and all he can think about is Daisy. He wanted nothing less of Daisy than that she should go to Tom and say: I never loved you(116). He believes Daisy is only attracted to money and that is the only reason why she married Tom, yet, he tries to impress her by showing her his fancy car...
Saturday, February 29, 2020
After graduating high school there are a couple of ideas on what college I should attend for my career choice. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s hard on choosing a college that could help me get where I need to go, and the limited transportation that there is to get where I need to go. Going to a community college would be so helpful to me for the extra credits that could help me get into Dudley Beauty College. green river or an even better community college would be helpful to me especially there courses for the credits that I would need to help me out on getting into Dudley. Dudley Beauty College of Washington, is a college for people who live, eat, and sleep about cosmetology. This school helps people to learn the basics on cutting, coloring, re-shaping, and styling hair. I have been cutting hair and dying hair for about 3 years. I started practicing on my hair then went to family and friends. Its also helpful that to watch this TV show called Sheer Genius. They showed you how to use your sheers correctly and explained how to re-shape. While watching this I would pick up some of the materials that I know that would help me in the long run. Then I would practice on me to see how it would turn out and if good enough use on other people. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s so hard on picking up on how to re-shape or modeling the hair to see if it looks right or if the shape is at its fine point. There are only a few months before graduation to figure out on want community college to start out with and to get a part time job to help with me with my expenses. I need to look up my budget, and with the lack of transportation there is as well. I would need to look at what classes I would need to take in order to get the kind of credits I would need for My BIG Time College. This whole process for me is going to take so much of my time, effort, and money. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care if it takes years on schooling for me to become this hair stylist; itÃ¢â¬â¢s my passion and something that I have always wanted to do and I would take this with me for a life experience. Cosmetology is my passion. Dudley Beauty College is one of the best colleges that I know of that will suite me well. There are a lot of good qualityÃ¢â¬â¢s about Dudley, there academics, there course and there courses to help out the students to achieve our goals. Dudley is the best college for me. This college can really help me out to become this hair stylist that I desperately want to become and to show me the material that there is to be known about to help. Even if it takes years I think that it will be worth it to me. I want to show my family that you can make a living doing this and to also prove that I get to do something that I really enjoy instead doing something that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t enjoy. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care what I need to do in order to get into this college just as long as I get in.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished - Essay Example After the defeat of the Confederacy, the southern states faced economic and physical devastation. While millions of slaves got freedom legally, the political infrastructures of the southern states lost their legitimacy. Transformation of the South into a free labor economy and readmission of the southern states to the union imparted the need for reconstruction of the South. Freedom fight of the slaves in the post-Civil War and the Reconstruction Era transformed into a struggle for survival. Most of the slaves that had been withdrawn from the plantations were penniless. African AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ wages frequently fluctuated as a result of their perceived worth. Manual labor could be replaced easily in the post-Civil War era. There were only a few ex-slaves that had the kind of money to own a piece of land as a vast majority of the ex-slaves dealt with the issue of lack of source of income. As per the estimate of the 1880 Census, no more than 20 per cent of the African Americans were, i n part, the owners of the land on which they farmed (Ã¢â¬Å"Being an African AmericanÃ¢â¬ ). Most of such holdings were also beset with debt that led to the crippling of the ex-slaves in the long run. For some, life at the time of slavery was better than after its abolishment because as slaves, they at least had some place to sleep and eat at that time. Sharing his views on the dark side of emancipation in the post-Civil War era, Johnson stated, Ã¢â¬Å"Since them times, a many a nigger has had it tough to make a livinÃ¢â¬â¢. I know dat is so, too, cause I has been all long dereÃ¢â¬ (Johnson). Ex-slaves saw immense poverty during the Reconstruction Era. Years of prevalence of poverty caused a lack of medical care and nourishment among the ex-slaves which resulted in a high rate of mortality among the African Americans in general and among their children in particular. Ex-slaves were under the burden of due medical bills and were still not able to access the required medical at tention. Many started using herbal remedies to treat their illnesses. According to the Census of 1900, annual death rate of the African Americans was 30 in every 1,000 opposed to no more than 17 per 1,000 among the White Americans (Ã¢â¬Å"Being an African AmericanÃ¢â¬ ). 79 years old James Johnson, an ex-slave from Columbia noted that he Ã¢â¬Å"[felt] and [knew] dat de years after de war was worser than befoÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Johnson). Although the slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ freedom was secured by The Emancipation Proclamation and victory of The Union, yet ex-slaves were not liberated under the Jim Crow Laws and segregation. Emancipation brought along with it new kinds of challenges, insecurities, and problems for the ex-slaves. Malnourishment and health deterioration were only some of the multitude of problems ex-slaves had to deal with in the post-Civil War era. A deep sense of isolation from their families weakened the ex-slaves emotionally and psychologically. This division was mainly cause d by the sale of slaves, ownersÃ¢â¬â¢ death, and presentation of the slaves in the pre-Civil War era as gifts from one owner to another. The slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ newly found freedom was dampened by loneliness and alienation. White Americans not only saw the African Americans as a nuisance upon normality but also as a potential risk to their dominance. Ã¢â¬Å"Our greatest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands, and fail to keep in mind that we shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and